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Erich Kleiber

Erich Kleiber - The Complete Polydor 78s (3CD)

Collected for the first time – Erich Kleiber’s rare recordings with the Staatskapelle Berlin and the Berliner Philharmoniker made for Polydor/Grammophon and newly remastered for this release.

Erich Kleiber’s appointment to the musical directorship of the Staatsoper Berlin in 1923 proved to be the making of his career. Hired on the strength of a single Fidelio, he thrilled audiences and critics with performances of unparalleled vigour and intensity.

Here, newly remastered by Mark Obert-Thorn and issued complete for the first time in any format, is that Grammophon legacy of Kleiber’s Berlin years with both the Staatskapelle and the celebrated Berliner Philharmoniker. Beginning modestly enough with four of Mozart’s German dances – to fill two sides of a 78rpm record – the scope of the sessions expanded to take in complete symphonies by Beethoven (No. 2), Schubert (No. 8 ‘Unfinished’) and Dvořák (No. 9 ‘From the New World’) alongside much popular repertoire such as the incidental music to Rosamunde and A Midsummer Night’s Dream and the overtures to William Tell and Die Fledermaus.

Many of these recordings were not marketed or reviewed abroad despite their artistic excellence, but Kleiber’s 1928 account of ‘Vltava’ from Má vlast soon gained classic status. No wonder, now, when listening again to the moonlit interlude and Kleiber’s gently flowing pulse, his superb balancing of parts which transcends the limitations of the technology and makes a nonsense of his apparent reluctance to record. Alternative versions of ‘Vltava’, as well as the second take of a side from the ‘New World’ Symphony which became Kleiber’s final Grammophon album (recorded in May and August 1929) are also presented. Alan Sanders provides an extensive note, and Mark Obert-Thorn provides a background to the sources for these recordings.

As a Musical Times critic noted in 1929, Kleiber ‘has a marked predilection for spirited, graceful, charming, and vivid music’. These Grammophon records bring out the very best in him, and his gifts as a superb orchestral trainer may readily be appreciated despite the age of the recordings. The best possible sources have been unearthed, and the set is an unmissable contribution to the discography of one of the last century’s great, but sometimes overlooked, maestros.

CD 1
1 Idomeneo – Overture, KV 366
Berliner Philharmoniker

2–11 German Dances
Staatskapelle Berlin · Berliner Philharmoniker

12–15 Symphony No. 2 in D major, Op. 36*
Staatskapelle Berlin

FRANZ SCHUBERT (1797–1828)
Rosamunde – Incidental Music, D.797
16 No. 5: Entr’acte No. 3 in B flat major*
17 No. 9: Ballet Music in G major*
Staatskapelle Berlin

CD 2
FRANZ SCHUBERT (1797–1828)
1–2 Symphony No. 8 in B minor, D.759 ‘Unfinished’*
Berliner Philharmoniker

3–5 Ein Sommernachtstraum – Incidental Music, Op. 61 (excerpts)*
Berliner Philharmoniker

6 Guillaume Tell – Overture*
Staatskapelle Berlin

HECTOR BERLIOZ (1803–1869)
7 Le Carnaval romain – Overture, Op. 9*
Staatskapelle Berlin

OTTO NICOLAI (1810–1849)
8 Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor – Overture*
Staatskapelle Berlin

CD 3
1 Die Fledermaus – Overture*
Staatskapelle Berlin

Má vlast*
2 No. 2: Vltava 1927 recording
3 No. 2: Vltava 1928 recording
Staatskapelle Berlin

ANTONÍN DVOŘÁK (1841–1904)
4–7 Symphony No. 9 in E minor, Op. 95 ‘From the New World’
8 III Molto vivace original take of second side*
9 Slavonic Dance in C major, Op. 46 No. 1
Staatskapelle Berlin